Technical Specification

Glossary of technical terms
This glossary serves as a reference for the technical data listed above and contains data provided by the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO).
Water absorption ISO 10545-3  
  Low Density
Dry pressed tile with a water absorption rate of more than 7%
  Medium Density
Dry pressed tile with a water absorption rate between 3% and 7%
  High Density
Dry pressed tile with a water absorption rate between 0.5% and 3%
  Extreme Density
Dry pressed tile with water absorption of 0.5% or less. This is where porcelain stoneware is categorised.
Deep abrasion resistance ISO 10545-6  
This is a scale of hardness ranging from 1 to 10 used to determine a material’s scratch resistance. The Mohs scale uses ten fairly common minerals of known hardness and gives each of them a relative value of 1-10. Each mineral in the scale will scratch those with lesser values and will not scratch those with higher values. Porcelain stoneware often has a rating of 7, 8 or 9.
Mohs scale Mineral Compared to other flooring materials
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Talc
Gypsum
Calcite
Fluorite
Apatite
Feldspar
Quartz
Topaz
Corundum
Diamond
Resilient flooring(vinyl, asphalt tile)
Wood flooring
Polished marble, laminate flooring
Black marble
Glazed ceramic tile
Glazed ceramic tile
Quarry tile, Porcelain stoneware
Porcelain stoneware
No flooring is this hard
No flooring is this hard
Stain resistance ISO 10545-14  
This test measures the resistance to staining of a surface. Staining tests are achieved by prolonged exposure of the surface to test solutions and dry staining agents. The surface is visually evaluated after the staining agent has been cleaned off using a combination of cleaning procedures.
Class 1
Class 2
Class 3
Class 4
Class 5
Stain is not removed
The stain is removed using solvent, such as acetone
The stain is removed using a strong commercial cleaning agent
The stain is removed using a weak commercial cleaning agent
The stain is removed using hot water
Frost resistance ISO 10545-12  
Frost resistance determines whether or not a tile is suitable for outdoor applications in colder climates. When a tile absorbs a large quantity of water and the volume increases from freezing, the tile can break. This test consists of soaking the tiles in water and subjecting them to temperature cycles from +51˚C to -51˚C (+123.8˚F to -59.8˚F). All sides of the tiles are exposed to freezing over 100 freeze-thaw cycles.
Dimensions
 
Dimensions (cm) 300 x 150
150 x 150
75 x 150
328 x 154 328 x 154
Thickness (mm) 6 12 20
Weight 14 kg per m2 28 kg per m2 47 kg per m2
Rectified
Technical Specification
Test Method Required Value Result
Water absorption ISO 10545-3 ≤ 0.5 % TM12: 0.02%

TM6 Natural: 0.03% – 0.06%

TM6 Polished: 0.05% – 0.08%
Deep abrasion resistance ISO 10545-6 ≤ 175 mm³ TM6: 140 mm³

TM12: 127mm³
Stain resistance ISO 10545-14 Testing method available Class 5 (Resistant to stain)
Resistance to chemical products ISO 10545-13 Minimum Class B Conforms
Resistance to thermal shocks ISO 10545-9 Testing method available Resistant
Frost resistance ISO 10545-12 No sample must show alterations to surface Frost proof
Technical Performance
Due to the unrivalled technical performance of porcelain, high temperatures and sudden thermal changes do not affect the surface.
Kitchen countertops need to perform under extreme conditions. They are constantly exposed to potential scratches and scores from sharp or pointed tools. It is under these intensive conditions that porcelain excels, exhibiting one of the hardest surfaces available on the market, and maintaining a perfect surface that will not fade, or discolour or deteriorate over time.
Scientific evidence has demonstrated that porous materials foster bacterial proliferation more than non-porous materials. As porcelain is a compact, non-porous material, it is particularly suitable for food preparation surfaces in the kitchen, and other situations sensitive to hygiene. Porcelain is also NSF certified, meeting the highest standards for safety, quality, sustainability or performance.
Porcelain is extremely compact and non-porous, not allowing liquid or air to pass through it. This makes it the ideal choice for kitchen countertops. As the material is impenetrable, even the most difficult stains can be easily removed: not only oil, wine, sauces and coffee, but also acidic substances such as lemon, vinegar or residues of detergents. These substances can be easily wiped off without the use of chemical products. This reduces the environmental impact further as chemical products are no longer required.

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